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Rod-shaped bacteria (bacilli)

Escherichia coli 
(bacterium incl. EHEC, EPEC, ETEC, EIEC, EAEC, ESBL/MRGN, DAEC)

 

Curved, straight or bean-shaped: bacilli come in many variants and are widely spread. 

Escherichia coli is a facultative anaerobic, Gram-negative, motile, rod-shaped bacterium. It belongs to the Enterobacteriaceae family.

Due to the different virulence factors, the infections are roughly divided into two group

Typical infections are: Catheter-associated urinary tract infection and sepsis respectively.

In recent years, the share of ampicillin-resistant strains has increased. Occurrences of resistances to other antibiotics such as fluoroquinolones (e.g. ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin) are also trending up. Additionally, there is an increase in ESBL-producing strains (ESBL = extended-spectrum beta-lactamase). Beta-lactamases as well lead to decreased susceptibility to third-generation cephalosporins having a broad spectrum of activity.

The main transmission path is direct or indirect contact with contaminated persons or objects.


» Necessary spectrum of antimicrobial activity
Bactericidal



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