Research for infection protection

Viruses

Viruses are infectious particles without own metabolism. A distinction is made between enveloped and nonenveloped viruses. Enveloped viruses, e.g. HIV, are inactivated by disinfectants relatively easily; combating nonenveloped viruses, e.g. noroviruses, requires disinfectants specially tested for virucidal activity.

Hygiene measures in case of noroviruses

Noroviruses trigger acute inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract and occur worldwide, mainly during the winter months from November to April. Hygiene measures – especially hand disinfection – must be carried out consistently...[more]

Hand and Surface decontamination in case of Ebola Virus

Following the West African Ebola outbreak in February 2014, some infected aid workers from the region are being treated in North American and European healthcare facilities. Further, a few healthcare workers who got infected...[more]

Hygiene measures in the event of polioviruses

In October 2013, wild poliovirus re-appeared in Syria after 14 years. Meanwhile, the World Health Organization (WHO) has confirmed 17 suspected cases (last update: 26 November 2013). The outbreak mainly affects children under 2,...[more]

H7N9 virus – symptoms, route of transmission and hygiene measures in case of avian influenza infections

On 01 April 2013, WHO first reported the occurrence of an avian influenza virus (subtype H7N9) in humans in China. “H” (hemagglutinin) and “N” (neuraminidase) stand for the most important proteins of the viral envelope. The...[more]

Hygiene measures in case of influenza viruses

Adhering to only few basic rules of action already can help avoid a transmission of influenza viruses to healthy people. Thorough hand hygiene plays a crucial role in preventing influenza infection.[more]

Hygiene measures in case of epidemic keratoconjunctivitis caused by adenoviruses

All year round, adenoviruses are responsible for many infectious diseases, including epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC). Transmission paths are hands and contaminated objects. Hence, it is imperative to adhere to hygiene...[more]